太平洋橄榄球鱼:再现加州橙县水晶湾州立公园 全身漆黑 状如橄榄球 满嘴长刺 交配方式奇特!

2015年5月,一名游客在加州橙县水晶湾州立公园(Crystal Cove State Park)发现了一条外形颇为恐怖的鱼,引起媒体的普遍关注,后经鉴定为太平洋橄榄球鱼(Pacific Footballfish)。说明:这里Football是指美式足球,即橄榄球。

The Pacific footballfish is a species found in the Pacific. It has a wide range, extending from the coasts of Honshu and Hokkaido islands through the Kuril-Kamchatka trough, in the northwest Pacific, to the eastern Pacific from California to Peru.

Wikipedia

2023年10月13日下午,水晶湾州立公园的一名救生员在海边再次意外发现了一条太平洋橄榄球鱼。这条鱼已经死亡,但身体几乎完好无损。

这条太平洋橄榄球鱼全身漆黑、状如橄榄球、口中长有锯齿状牙齿,而且头上还长着一条奇怪的触须,显得非常神秘,类似外星球的生物。据介绍,太平洋橄榄球鱼属于琵琶鱼(Anglerfish)的一种,通常生活在2000-3300英尺的深海环境中。

There are more than 200 species of angler fish worldwide and this particular fish is most likely the Pacific Football Fish. Only females possess a long stalk on the head with bioluminescent tips used as a lure to entice prey in pitch black water as deep as 3,000 feet! Their teeth, like pointed shards of glass, are transparent and their large mouth is capable of sucking up and swallowing prey the size of their own body.

全世界有200多种琵琶鱼,只有雌性的头上才会长有一根带有生物发光尖端的触须,用作诱饵,在深达 3000英尺的漆黑水中引诱猎物!它们的牙齿像尖尖的玻璃碎片一样透明,它们的大嘴能够吸收并吞下与自己身体一样大的猎物。

While females can reach lengths of 24 inches males only grow to be about an inch long and their sole purpose is to find a female and help her reproduce. Males latch onto the female with their teeth and become “sexual parasites,” eventually coalescing with the female until nothing is left of their form but their testes for reproduction. Wild!

虽然雌性的长度可以达到24英寸,但雄性只能长到大约1英寸长,它们的唯一目的是找到雌性并帮助她繁殖。雄性用牙齿咬住雌性,成为“性寄生虫”,最终与雌性结合,直到它们的形态只剩下睾丸以进行繁殖。 不可思议!

There are over 200 species of deep-sea anglerfish. From the recognizable toothy jaws of the black seadevil to the bottom-dwelling sea toads, deep-sea anglerfish come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. 

Meals in the deep sea may be few and far between, but the anglerfish have adopted a unique strategy to find their next meal. Instead of expending energy to hunt their prey, deep-sea anglerfish have developed a fishing pole-like rod that projects from their head. At the end of the rod is a sac of bioluminescent bacteria that glows brightly in the dark. The light attracts prey towards the anglerfish’s waiting mouth — acting like the anglerfish’s own meal delivery service. 

Monterey Bay Aquarium

蒙特利湾水族馆(Monterey Bay Aquarium)的官网介绍说,深海中的食物可能很少而且间隔很远,但琵琶鱼采用了独特的策略来寻找下一顿饭。 琵琶鱼不是通过消耗能量来捕获猎物,而是进化出了一种从头部伸出的类似鱼竿的竿,竿的末端是一个生物发光细菌囊,在黑暗中发出明亮的光。光线将猎物吸引到琵琶鱼等待的嘴上——就像琵琶鱼自己的送餐服务一样。

然而,极其罕见的太平洋橄榄球鱼为何近年来被频繁冲上岸边还是一个谜。水晶湾州立公园指出,我们只能等待科学家进一步了解这些奇特的海洋生物后为我们揭开这个谜底。